For a candidate to win under Limited Preferential Voting (LPV) they are required to receive half of the total formal vote, plus one (50% + 1). This is called the absolute majority.
This means that if there are 100 voters, a candidate needs 51 votes to win. It is unlikely, however that there are only 100 voters. As such there is a simple calculation to determine how many votes form the absolute majority:
The absolute majority can be found by dividing the total formal votes received by two and then add one:
‘Absolute Majority = [Total Formal Votes/2] + 1.’